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While it may have been melted down or broken into chunks of gold by the conquerors, it has been variously claimed that it was destroyed in a fire; that it was taken to Carthage, and then to the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire at Constantinople , or that it sank in a shipwreck.

Another persistent rumor is that the Vatican has kept it hidden for centuries. Some claim that it has been kept in Vatican City , others that it is in the cellars of the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran. Most likely, the menorah was looted by the Vandals in the sacking of Rome in CE, and taken to their capital, Carthage.

The Menorah: From the Bible to Modern Israel, by Steven Fine

According to Procopius , it was carried through the streets of Constantinople during Belisarius' triumphal procession. In the Avot of Rabbi Natan Ch. The objects that were crafted, and then hidden away are these: the tent of meeting and the vessels contained therein, the ark and the broken tablets, the container of manna, and the flask of annointing oil, the stick of Aaron and its almonds and flowers, the priestly garments, and the garments of the annointed [high] priest.

The Golden Menora: Moving Closer to its Destination

But, the spice-grinder of the family of Avtinas [used to make the unique incense in the Temple], the [golden] table [of the showbread], the menorah , the [ornate] curtain [that partitioned the holy from the holy-of-holies], and the [golden] head-plate [of the high-priest] are still sitting in Rome. The menorah symbolized the ideal of universal enlightenment.

The symbol [by which to remember this] is that… the Menorah was on the southern side [of the Temple]. The seven lamps allude to the branches of human knowledge , represented by the six lamps inclined inwards towards, and symbolically guided by, the light of God represented by the central lamp. The menorah also symbolizes the creation in seven days, with the center light representing the Sabbath.

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The New Testament Book of Revelation refers to seven golden lampstands, representing the seven churches of Asia to which the revelation was sent Ephesus , Smyrna , Pergamon , Thyatira , Sardis , Philadelphia and Laodicea , with "one like a Son of Man" in their midst.

According to Clement of Alexandria and Philo Judaeus , the seven lamps of the golden menorah represented the seven classical planets in this order: the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. It is also said to symbolize the burning bush as seen by Moses on Mount Horeb Exodus 3. Kevin Conner has noted of the original menorah, described in Exodus 25, that each of the six tributary branches coming out of the main shaft was decorated with three sets of "cups The main shaft, however, had four sets of blossoms, bulbs and flowers, making a total of twelve units on the shaft Exodus This would create a total of 66 units, which Conner claims is a picture of the Protestant canon of scripture containing 66 books.

Moreover, Conner notes that the total decorative units on the shaft and three branches equate to 39 the number of Old Testament books within Protestant versions of the Bible ; and the units on the remaining three branches come to 27 the number of New Testament books.

Psalms ; Psalms ; cf. Proverbs The Menorah is also a symbol closely associated with the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah also spelled Chanukah. According to the Talmud , after the Seleucid desecration of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem , there was only enough sealed and therefore not desecrated consecrated olive oil left to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day.

The Menorah : From the Bible to Modern Israel -

Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, which was enough time to make new pure oil. The Talmud Menahot 28b states that it is prohibited to use a seven-lamp menorah outside of the Temple. The Hanukkah menorah therefore has eight main branches, plus the raised ninth lamp set apart as the shamash servant light which is used to kindle the other lights. This type of menorah is called a hanukiah in Modern Hebrew.

Synagogues have a continually lit lamp or light in front of the Ark , where the Torah scroll is kept, called the ner tamid eternal light. This lamp represents the continually lit ner Elohim of the menorah used in Temple times. In addition, many synagogues display either a Menorah or an artistic representation of a menorah. A menorah appears in the coat of arms of the State of Israel , based on the depiction of the menorah on the Arch of Titus.

Sometimes when teaching learners of the Hebrew language , a chart shaped like the seven-lamp menorah is used to help students remember the role of the binyanim of the Hebrew verb. The Temple Institute has created a life-sized menorah, designed by goldsmith Chaim Odem, intended for use in a future Third Temple. The Jerusalem Post describes the menorah as made "according to excruciatingly exacting Biblical specifications and prepared to be pressed into service immediately should the need arise.

In the Orthodox Church the use of the menorah has been preserved, always standing on or behind the altar in the sanctuary.

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There are varying liturgical practices, and usually all seven lamps are lit for the services, though sometimes only the three centermost are lit for the lesser services. If the church does not have a sanctuary lamp the centermost lamp of the seven lamps may remain lit as an eternal flame.

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The Menorah has also become a symbol for the Iglesia ni Cristo since the 20th century. The kinara is also, like the menorah, a seven candleholder which is associated with the African American festival of Kwanzaa. As well as meeting the highest scholarly standards, his book is also a page-turner, introducing the reader--especially the non-Jewish reader--to an unknown world of imagery, to conspiracy theories involving Freemasons as well as Jews, to the politics of modern Israel, and to ultra-Orthodox Judaism in its many forms.

By drawing upon his extensive training as a scholar of Rabbinics, archaeology, and Jewish art history, Fine has been able to produce not only an unprecedented study of a Jewish icon, but the basis for a meditation upon the nature of visual iconicity itself in Jewish culture. Reviews Schrijf een review. Kies je bindwijze. Verkoop door bol. In winkelwagen Op verlanglijstje. Andere verkopers 2. Snelste levering. Bekijk en vergelijk alle verkopers. Gratis verzending 30 dagen bedenktijd en gratis retourneren Ophalen bij een bol.

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